[Meta]: How many types of pain are there? What painkillers can you use to alleviate your pain? How to use painkillers appropriately?
Have you ever been racked with excruciating pains? If the answer is yes, I’m sure that you still shudder to recall how struggling you were to fight against those pains. I bet you have tried to alleviate your pains with painkillers many times but you may not really know about them: their types, usage and notes. So, if you are seeking an in-depth guide to the proper use of painkillers, then you arrive at the right place. Here is Ultimate Guide from HealthyGifts
What is pain?
Before going into more details about pain, let’s learn about the definition of pain first. In fact, pain is an uncomfortable feeling you have when there is a health problem in your body. It may come as a sign of a disease, so you should never take it lightly.
According to the International Association for the Study of Pain – IASP, pain is defined as “An unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage”.
From a medical perspective, pain is a kind of common clinical symptom that requires medical treatments or joint consultations between patients with druggists. Let’s dig deeper into where pain is rooted in.
What is the origin of pain?
Do you know why you can feel pain? That’s because there is a signal from the pain sent to your nervous system. Therefore, we can conclude that all pain has a thing in common: they originate from the nervous system.
The process of transmitting the pain signal to the nervous system begins at pain receptors, then the afferent nerves and finally at the spinal cord.
How many types of pain are there?
Many people believe that they can ease their pain simply by using any painkillers bought from drug stores without identifying the type of pain. That is the common mistake due to the inadequacy of medical insights into types of pain.
You may divide pain into physical and mental pain. In this post, however, we focus more on the pain that your body can feel physically, so you are expected to subcategorize physical pain.
In fact, pain falls into two main types: peripheral pain and neuropathic pain. It’s essential to learn about each type of pain to know what treatment method and painkillers are suitable to undergo.
- Peripheral Pain: This is the most common kind of pain relevant to the pain receptors. As mentioned earlier, this kind of pain happens when one part in your body is damaged and sends the signal to the nervous system via the pain receptors and affluent neurons. Particularly, one’s pain receptors are stimulated to activate the feeling of pain.
In this case, the pain can be relieved with doses of painkillers. Which painkiller to choose is dependent on the intensity of your pain. Amongst painkillers, Morphin is the most powerful one used for pain caused by cancer or injury. For less acute pain, you can use Paracetamol or other Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs).
- Neuropathic pain: This type of pain comes when your nervous system is directly affected. As you may know, your brain and spinal cord themselves can also suffer pain.
In this case, you cannot use common painkillers to ease your pain. Instead, doctors will prescribe you some medicine that has a direct impact on your central nervous system, such as: antidepressant, antiepileptic, antiarrhythmic, NMDA, opioid painkillers, etc.
How can you measure your pain?
The level of pain varies from person to person, so it’s not easy to measure. Indeed, there are various factors that affect your measurement of the pain, like age, sex, pain tolerance, health status, etc.
To facilitate pain treatment and alleviation, some criteria to measure pain and pain scale are established and recommended. Those criteria can be listed as follows:
- Levels of pain: extreme, average, slight, etc.
- Types of pain: burning, searing, shooting, etc.
- Areas of pain: hand, toe, etc.
- Duration of pain: temporary, long-lasting, etc.
As for pain scale, you can look at a typical pain scale below:
How to use painkillers safely and appropriately?
After learning everything about pain, you are encouraged to find out a solution to your pain. In general, taking painkillers is one of the simplest and quickest ways to deaden your pain temporarily. However, there are some rules you must follow when using painkillers.
- No arbitrary use: Although painkillers can be easily found at drugstores, it is not the medicine you can use arbitrarily and freely without consultation with doctors or druggists. Indeed, an excess and irregular dose of painkillers may lead to unexpected side effects such as stomach ulcers or liver and kidney damage. Even worse, you may become painkiller-dependent or painkiller-resistant.
- Informed and wise choice of painkillers: Depending on the properties of your pain, you can make a choice of what painkillers you should take. As mentioned earlier, each type of painkillers will be suitable for a certain type of pain. Your wrong choice of painkillers will result in no health improvement and even worse case. If you get lost in a ton of painkiller types and their own functions, asking for consultation from you druggists or doctors is highly recommended.
- Priority of the least invasive treatment: Not only can you take painkillers by mouth but you also do it via other ways. In case of severe damage or emergency pain, you will take painkillers via injection to resist shock and bring about immediate effect. If your pain is just bearable, give priority to the least invasive treatment: by mouth.
Now that you come to the end of this guide, I’m sure you have withdrawn some useful insight with regard to using painkillers for yourselves. Everybody will suffer pain at least once in life, so don’t worry, everything will be fine. Hopefully that guide will be useful for you.