Fever makes the body dehydrated and tired, so many people often buy fever-reducing drugs to improve the above condition. Currently, many drugs on the market are used to relieve pain and reduce fever quickly. Let’s learn about the above medications and be careful when using them.
Fever problems you need to know
What is fever?
Fever is not a disease but a symptom of many diseases. When the body temperature (measured in the armpit) reaches 37.5 degrees Celsius or higher, it is called a fever. The heart rate will increase to 10-15 beats/minute when the body temperature rises 1 degree Celsius, and the fever can reach 40 degrees Celsius.
When you have a fever, you need to check your temperature several times a day, every 1-3 hours to monitor.
Fever can be for a few days, fever lasts (more than ten days), fever is cyclical, fever fluctuates.
Causes and symptoms of fever
Fever is a protective response of the body against pathogens. Usually, the body will have a fever when experiencing an infection.
In addition, because the body reacts to pathogens such as heatstroke, after vaccination, heatstroke, etc., the fever may not be caused by an infection.
Danger of fevers
When the body temperature is above 39 degrees Celsius to 40 degrees Celsius, it can cause convulsions, quickly occurring in children. Failure to cool down in time can lead to seizures and death.
Classification of current antipyretic drugs
Commonly used antipyretic drugs on the market:
- The drug has antipyretic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-inflammatory effects.
- There are two forms of the drug, capsule form and syrup form.
- The dosage used to achieve the best effect is from 3 to 4 tablets/day in adults.
- Contraindicated for people with hypersensitivity to any ingredient of the drug, people with peptic ulcer, heart failure, liver failure, kidney failure, etc.
- The drug reduces fever in cases of mild fever, helping to reduce body temperature, relieve headache, joint pain, and toothache.
- There are drug forms such as capsules, effervescent tablets, syrups
- The drug’s effect is from 30 to 60 minutes after taking it; the effect lasts 3-4 hours.
- Contraindicated for people with hypersensitivity to any ingredient of the drug, people with heart, liver, kidney, lung diseases, and people with anemia often.
The syrup has a fast and effective antipyretic effect in children. It is also used to relieve headaches, toothache, menstrual pain, bone, joint pain, etc., in adults.
The dose used to achieve the best effect on both adults and children is 400 mg/time.
Contraindicated for people with hypersensitivity to any ingredient of the drug, people with duodenal ulcers, bleeding from trauma, kidney failure, people with severe dehydration, women three months before giving birth.
Some risks occur when abusing antipyretic drugs.
Because of the convenience of this medicine, there are always antipyretic drugs available in the family medicine cabinet. When adults and children have a fever, many people use it independently, without consulting a doctor. This has caused some unwanted side effects such as:
- Tired, uncomfortable
- Nausea and vomiting
- Yellow skin, yellow eyes
- Anorexia, weight loss
- Allergy, rash, itching, rash
- Have an asthma attack
- Abdominal pain, digestive disorders, diarrhea
- Kidney toxicity when abused for many days
- Gastrointestinal bleeding, peptic ulcer
- Decreased eyesight
Ways to reduce fever at home without using a fever reducer
Here are some simple home remedies that can help you reduce a fever:
Vitamin C supplements
Fruit juices rich in vitamin C such as orange juice and lemon juice are the best choice for reducing fever, soothing the body, and boosting the immune system. In addition, providing foods rich in vitamin C in meals such as broccoli, bell peppers, green vegetables, etc., will give the body many nutrients, helping to reduce fever quickly.
Drink enough water
The body is very easily dehydrated when having a fever. When you have a fever, you should drink enough water from 8-12 cups/day.
Many kinds of leaves, such as pomelo leaves, lemongrass leaves, lemon leaves, basil leaves, perilla leaves, etc., are used for cooking steamed water. These leaves contain many essential oils, which both help disinfect the respiratory tract and effectively reduce fever. When the sauna is finished, the feverish person’s body will feel refreshed and relieved. The pores will open, the toxins will be removed.
Use a warm towel to wipe your body: It is just a clean towel, moistened with moderately warm water, wring it out and wiping it all over your body or placing it on your forehead to cool down. Regularly changing towels and putting them in places with large blood vessels such as armpits and groin will help quickly reduce fever.
Drink ginger tea
Ginger has natural antibacterial and antiviral effects, greatly supporting immune activity. You can make ginger tea simply by adding half a teaspoon of minced ginger to 200 ml of boiling water, adding a little honey, and drinking it 3-4 times a day for the best effect. In addition, you can mix ginger in a warm bath to soak for 10 minutes. Then the body will sweat to help lower body temperature and fever.
Basil is an herb that helps to reduce fever quickly. You can make basil tea by adding minced basil leaves to 200ml of boiling water for about 5 minutes, filtering out the residue, and drinking 2-3 times/ day. Although it seems complicated to drink, if you work hard, it will bring unexpected effects.
Apple Cider Vinegar
In addition to quickly reducing fever, apple cider vinegar also provides many essential minerals for the body. You can soak in a warm bath with 100ml of apple cider vinegar, mix about 10ml of apple cider vinegar with 5ml of honey, and warm water to drink 2-3 times a day. The amount of acid in apple cider vinegar will help reduce fever as body heat is released through the skin.
The above methods only apply at home and with mild fevers. When applied but the condition is not satisfactory, you should go to the doctor and avoid arbitrarily using fever-reducing drugs because they can cause unwanted side effects.