Influenza is a common illness during the changing seasons. With proper care combined with active treatment as prescribed by the doctor, the disease will be relieved and completely gone after 3-5 days. But how to take care of people with flu effectively? Please do not ignore the principles that we share below.
Influenza is a respiratory infection caused by influenza viruses. The disease usually appears in autumn and winter, when the weather changes suddenly. Usually, after 3-5 days or so, from 7-10 days, people with flu will fully recover. However, improper care for people with flu and poor treatment can make the condition prolonged, seriously affecting health.
Influenza “pandemics” have been an obsession and challenge for health organizations such as H5N1, H1N1, H7N9, etc. Currently, influenza viruses originating from animals (cattle, poultry) appear a lot. These influenza viruses are terrifying, and there is no effective specific medicine in terms of danger and spread.
Causes and symptoms of the flu
Causes of the flu
As mentioned, the flu is caused by the flu virus. Influenza viruses are classified according to A, B, and C, of which the most common is type A. But how do influenza viruses cause illness?
Accordingly, when ordinary people come into contact with sick people through direct conversation, or even just standing next to each other and inhaling the fluids that the ill person accidentally releases when coughing and sneezing, they can be infected. Influenza virus is present in this fluid. Or the average person comes into contact with the objects that the sick person has touched, then puts their hands on the eyes, nose, mouth, the flu virus can attack and enter the body.
Besides, humans can be infected with influenza viruses from animals (cattle, poultry, birds) when they contact them or use them as food.
Symptoms of the flu
After 1-2 days of exposure to the flu virus, the sick person will show the following symptoms:
- High fever, maybe 40 degrees Celsius.
- Sore throat.
- Muscle pain, fatigue.
- Feeling tired, weak.
- Eyes are sensitive to light and tear easily.
- Stomach upset often occurs in children.
With common types of flu, these symptoms will automatically go away after 3-5 days if you eat enough and have a healthy lifestyle. However, with influenza viruses of animal origin or new strains of influenza virus, if not treated and cared for properly, the disease will last 4-6 weeks or more, causing many dangerous complications. Danger, even death.
How to care for someone with the flu
When taking care of someone with a cold, always keep in mind and strictly follow two principles:
- First, take active care so that the patient recovers quickly.
- Second, take proper care so that caregivers do not get infected.
For people with flu
As soon as the above symptoms appear, such as high fever, chills, cough, sneezing, runny nose, etc., it is necessary to go to the nearest hospital or clinic to be examined by a doctor-prescribed treatment. Prescribe appropriate cold and flu medicine.
The sick person should be isolated, in a separate room, and not contact other family members to limit the spread. The minimum isolation period is one week. During this time, the patient needs to eat well and follow the instructions of the treating doctor. It helps the sick person recover quickly and avoids the spread to others, especially those with weak resistance, such as the elderly and children.
If the sick person must go out, they must wear a medical mask and keep a distance from others. When coughing or sneezing, use a tissue to cover your mouth and nose and throw the tissue in the trash.
Patients always keep their minds comfortable, rest, and relax as much as possible. Rooms must be airy, cool, bright, and the temperature is neither high nor low. Do not stay in an air-conditioned room because it will make the symptoms of cough, sore throat, hoarseness more serious, the more tired the patient will be and the more difficult it will be for the disease to recover.
When the patient’s fever is too high, it is possible to take antipyretic drugs as prescribed by the doctor and add high doses of vitamin C to increase resistance. Patients with a history of stomach and duodenal disease should be more careful when using drugs, especially aspirin, APC, etc.
The symptoms of the flu are often uncomfortable and tired. To create a more comfortable feeling, the patient should wear cool clothes, and at the same time, can inhale the fragrant leaves (lemon leaves, grapefruit leaves, lemongrass leaves, mint leaves, perilla leaves, basil). This method, if done correctly, will help the patient clear the nose, relieve colds and feel better.
In addition, the patient should eat thin, easy-to-digest foods such as porridge, soup, soup and drink a lot of warm water. Combined with washing hands, face and nose with physiological saline regularly will help the disease heal quickly.
If the disease does not improve after one week of rest and applying the above instructions, you should return to the doctor immediately to prevent dangerous complications.
Always wear a mask when caring for someone with the flu. After contact with sick people, wash hands and face with soap and water, combined with regular physiological nasal drops. Do not use utensils and eat leftovers of sick people to prevent infection.
Eat well and add more nutrients, especially vegetables and fruits, to increase resistance. Drink a lot of water, can be warm water combined with lemon juice, orange juice, honey water mixed with ginger to keep the body healthy.
Regularly clean the patient’s house and room. Tissues or waste from sick people must be placed in separate bags and disposed of daily, not stored today.
When the body feels tired and shows unusual symptoms, suspected of having a cold, it must be examined and treated immediately to prevent the disease from changing quickly and spreading to others.
The above is a guide to caring for people with the flu effectively and adequately. Do not be subjective; neglect in caring for the sick and take care of yourself to avoid unfortunate cases.