The toothache pain relievers are the first thing many people think of when they have e toothache. So what is a toothache reliever? Are they effective? Does it cause side effects?
Why do I have a toothache?
Toothache is one of the most common dental problems that everyone has experienced. They cause uncomfortable aches and pains, affecting the process of eating, resting and working every day.
There are many causes of toothache, but the most common and common are:
1. Tooth decay
Tooth decay is when small or large cavities appear on the tooth surface, yellow, brown or black, depending on the depth.
The most common manifestation of this disease is causing pain, and the pain will be worse if you suddenly eat something too hot, too cold or too sweet, or when food falls into a wormhole.
2. Floating tooth abscess
A tooth abscess occurs when a cavity that is not treated early affects the pulp. Or the case of the patient suffering from oral infections but not being treated thoroughly.
Tooth abscess inadvertently puts pressure on the tissues around the tooth, roots, nerves and pulp, causing pain. In particular, the pain will be more severe when performing chewing functions or oral hygiene processes.
In addition to pain, tooth abscesses also cause bad breath. In some cases, the patient also has a high fever and fatigue.
3. Wisdom teeth growing
The process of wisdom teeth eruption will cause pain in the molar area. In particular, with cases where the teeth are misaligned, grow underground in the jawbone, grow horizontally into the position of the 7th tooth or partially stuck in the gums, the pain will be even more intense. They can last continuously or repeatedly as the teeth develop.
At this time, if you observe the patient, you will see the innermost part of the gums; right at the wisdom tooth eruption site, there will be signs of redness and swelling. Even some people still collect pus. Some cases also have additional symptoms of fever and fatigue.
4. Gum diseases
Besides the above causes, a toothache is also a manifestation of gingivitis, periodontitis, gum infection. This disease is caused by harmful bacteria residing in the plaque in the teeth. They secrete toxins that irritate the gums and cause inflammation.
Common quick temporary toothache pain relievers
Painkillers are probably the first solution that patients think of when experiencing a toothache. Some common over-the-counter pain relievers that you can use for toothaches are:
Paracetamol / Acetaminophen has an analgesic effect after taking about 15-30 minutes, and the analgesic effect lasts from 4-6 hours. It is probably a pain reliever that is no longer strange to everyone. Both children and adults can use them.
Although it is a common drug, overdose can also cause specific effects, especially the toxicity of Paracetamol/Acetaminophen, which is dangerous to the liver. Therefore, for adults, the total daily dose of Paracetamol/Acetaminophen should not exceed 4000mg, and children should not exceed 75mg/kg.
2. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) group of drugs
If you have severe toothache pain, then NSAIDs will be a practical choice. Because they not only help relieve pain, eliminate discomfort but also add anti-inflammatory effects. A few representatives of this group of drugs that you may know are Ibuprofen, Meloxicam, Celecoxib, Piroxicam, Etoricoxib
These drugs will have different timing of onset of action as well as the length of effect. And the dosage is not the same, so you need to read the instructions and consult the pharmacist before using it carefully. For pregnant or breastfeeding women, people with cardiovascular diseases, ulcers, stomach bleeding, and kidney failure should consult a doctor before taking the drug.
3. Group of local anaesthetics
Usually, this group of drugs will be prepared and used in a gel or a solution for spraying. Representatives of the group of local anaesthetics include tetracaine, prilocaine, lidocaine, benzocaine.
Because it is in liquid form is also somewhat different from the records of pain relievers in tablets. First, you need to clean your hands thoroughly, then use a gauze bandage or cotton ball to dry the mucosa at the painful tooth. Next, take a cotton swab soaked in a good medicine solution to apply to the aching tooth area gently.
It only takes about 30 seconds – 2 minutes for the pain to be significantly reduced. However, the duration of the effect is relatively short, about 15-60 minutes. Therefore, for people with severe pain, it is necessary to perform many times.
Some tips when using quick pain relievers
When using instant pain relievers, you should understand that one thing is that they only have an immediate effect on pain relief and have no impact on the definitive treatment of the condition. Therefore, after using pain relievers, the risk of recurrence is inevitable.
The abuse of pain relievers can cause overdose, cause many unwanted side effects, affect the diagnosis and treatment, and even cause the patient’s death.
For example, Paracetamol / Acetaminophen more than the prescribed dose will cause liver cells to die. Or, using the wrong group of NSAIDs will cause side effects such as stomach ulcers, kidney failure, etc.
Therefore, when taking pain relievers, you should also strictly follow the medical staff’s dosage. Do not because of the effect of pain that use more than the allowed amount of pain reliever.
The natural solution to relieve toothache without drugs
1. Relieve toothache with ginger
Ginger is a relatively common ingredient in the kitchen; thanks to its anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties, it is an effective remedy for tooth decay.
There are many ways to use ginger to treat toothache. The simplest and easiest to do is to crush ginger and apply it to the painful tooth area. Leave for about 10 minutes for the essence from ginger to penetrate the painful gum area, killing harmful bacteria. Do it 2-3 times a day, and you will see great results.
2. Relieve toothache with onion
Although onions have a strong, pungent smell that is relatively unpleasant, the effectiveness of toothache treatment is undeniable. It would help if you chose a fresh, unspoiled onion, then take some and put it in your mouth to chew for 3 minutes. The essence secreted from the onion has the effect of eliminating bacteria and effectively reducing pain.
Or you can also crush an onion and apply it to the painful tooth. This method is also quite adequate and will be significantly reduced after 1-2 times.
Effective prevention of toothache
Toothache is a state that, if anyone has experienced it, will not want them to appear twice. Therefore, in order not to face unpleasant toothaches, you need to take reasonable preventive measures. Limit foods and drinks that are high in sugar, acids, and starches. Because these foods significantly affect the enamel of the teeth, in the long run, the enamel will wear down, causing tooth decay.
On average, you should brush your teeth twice a day to remove food plaque. Note, it is preferable to use a soft-bristled brush in combination with a suitable concentration of toothpaste if you do not want your gums to be damaged and tooth enamel to be eroded.
Use toothpaste and mouthwash with the right concentration of fluoride. Incorporate flossing after each meal to remove leftovers instead of sharp bamboo toothpicks. In addition, you should also check your teeth regularly at the dentist to promptly detect and handle possible oral diseases, keep your teeth strong and free from decay.
Although toothache pain relievers are practical solutions to relieve pain, they only have an immediate effect, and there is a high risk of recurrence. Therefore, the best way to visit your dentist is to find out the cause when encountering this condition, thereby getting the right treatment plan.