1. What is a migraine?
Migraine headache are quite common. The pain side often occur on one side and the patient will feel a sharp pain by the pulse of the blood vessels with symptoms such as dizziness, nausea, vomiting and sensitive to light and noise.
2. The factors trigger a migraine.
The cause of migraine is not still determined, but many theories suggest that genetics and environmental factors can lead to migraines. Some factors can trigger a migraine, including:
Tyramine-rich foods such as cheese, liver, wine, chocolate, citrus fruits(oranges, grapefruit, tangerines), fermented foods… Mononatri glutamate, monosodium glutamate or sodium salt in sausages, bacon,..
Tyramin-rich foods is the migraine trigger factor.
Hormonal change in women can also activate migraines. Migraine in women is 3 times higher than in men because women are easily affected by hormonal disoders, especially women in the perimenopausal period. There are many cases that women experience severe migraines during the first pregnancy trimester and the pain gradually reduces in the last months of pregnancy.
Strenuous activity, even during sexual activity can cause migraines.
Genetic factors: Many studies suggest that if father or mother or both has a migraines, their children is also at high risk for migraines.
The age from 30 to 39 often has a migraine, but there are also many cases of migraine in younger. Some medications can make migraines more serious, like birth control pills…
Smoking, smelling tobacco or using alcohol beverage also cause migraine.
Some external factors can trigger a migraine, such as loud sounds, smells like paint, perfume, or bright light.
Unusual weather changes also cause a migraine, especially during the changing seasons.
The pressure of work, study, and exams make mental stress, and stress also cause migraine. Therefore, many patients experience migraines and their condition improves significantly by reducing stress.
Depression, anxiety disorders, lack of sleep or too much sleep also cause migraines.
3. How to prevent migraine
From above migraine trigger factors, we can take some meassures to prevent migraines:
Rest, relax and reduce stress. Meditation or yoga for half an hour a day are effective ways to prevent migraines.
Rest, relaxation and reducing stress help to prevent migraines.
Eat regularly, limit salty foods and tyramine- rich foods.
Exercising sports help to improve health and prevent migraines.
Have enough sleep, be on time and limit staying up late
4. Treating migraines
Migraines treatment often focuses on three issues: avoiding triggers, treating pain and preventing migraines. For patients with chronic migraine, pain relievers should be taken as soon as possible, because once the pain begin, the effectiveness of the medication will also decrease. Some medications is used to treat migraines, including:
Antidepressants: tricyclic antidepressants are often used for migraine prophylaxis. But these meditation can lead to side effects such as sleep disorders , affect sexual activity,… Besides, SSRI medicine are often prescribed by doctors.
Non-steroid anti inflammatory
Paracetamol and non- steroidal anti-inflammatory medicine(NSAIDs): pain relievers such as paracetamol, aspirin, ibuprofen,.. are effective pain relievers. Pain relievers with caffeine are also great way for patients.
Migraines do not affect seriously for health, but it affects greatly the patient’s life and activities. Therefore, patients have signs of headache or migraine, they should go to medical facilities for examination and treatment.