Tramadol is a pain reliever that is used to relieve pain. It is a dangerous drug and, when used, requires a doctor’s guidance; otherwise, the level of risk when used is very high and can cause death. Therefore, when using Tramadol, it is necessary to be very careful and understand the drug knowledge to use it safely and correctly. Today, we will use this article to provide you with information about Tramadol.
Information about the Tramadol
Tramadol is a drug that belongs to the group of narcotic pain relievers. The main ingredients of the medication include Tramadol and Acetaminophen. Tramadol is effective in relieving moderate to moderate pain. In addition, the drug also has an analgesic effect.
Tramadol is prepared in the following forms:
- Capsules or tablets in 50mg, 100mg and 200mg strengths.
- Syringe for intravenous infusion of 50mg/ml.
Use Tramadol properly
Take medication as prescribed and as directed by your doctor—time to use the drug every 4 to 6 hours. If you feel nauseous while using the medicine, you can take it with food and tell your doctor to help reduce nausea when taking it.
The drug dosage should be decided based on the medical condition and the body’s ability to respond. Usually, your doctor will use a low dose and then gradually increase it to reduce side effects when taking a medication. Users need to follow the doctor’s instructions to achieve high efficiency when using. Note: Do not arbitrarily increase the amount or use the drug for longer than the indicated time. The maximum dose of adults is 400mg/day. People from 75 years old and above use up to 300mg/day.
Use the medicine as soon as the pain starts to take effect. If the pain becomes severe, the medication may not work.
Tramadol can be addictive if used in high doses for a long time. If you stop using the drug, it may cause withdrawal symptoms such as restlessness, sweating, muscle pain, nausea, etc. It is necessary to reduce the dose before stopping the drug gradually.
If the drug is used for a long time, it may cause an inability to work and be ineffective. Tell your doctor right away if the medicine doesn’t work or the pain gets worse.
Handling cases of drug overdose Tramadol missed dose
In case of missed dose of Tramadol
Take Tramadol as soon as you remember. A missing dose does not have a significant effect on the body, but it will reduce the effectiveness of the treatment. So if the missed dose is close to the following amount, skip the missed dose and take medicine as planned.
What happens if you overdose?
An overdose of tramadol can be fatal. Patients should immediately go to a medical facility for timely treatment. Tramadol overdose symptoms include drowsiness, shallow breathing, muscle weakness, cold skin, slow or wet heart rate, and fainting.
Dosage of Tramadol
Dosage of Tramadol for adults
Used to treat chronic pain from mild to severe and does not require rapid action:
- Initial dose: 25mg every morning. Then use three times daily 25mg each time. Then, it can be increased to 50 mg/time three times a day so that the dose can reach 200mg per day. After getting the standard, use a dose of 50-100mg each 4 to 6 hours apart; the maximum amount should not exceed 400mg/day.
- Used to treat chronic moderate to moderate pain over a long period:
- The starting dose is 100mg/time/day. Then gradually increase the dose depending on the body’s ability to respond. Do not use more than 300mg/day.
- For quick pain relief: use 50-100 mg/time 4 to 6 hours apart. No more than 400mg/day.
Dosage of Tramadol for children
- Children from 4 to under 16 years old: 1-2mg/kg/time. Each time 4 to 6 hours apart. Maximum dose: 100mg/day.
- Children 16 years of age and older: the initial dose is 50-100mg/time, 4 to 6 hours apart. Maximum dose 400mg/day.
This information is for reference only and is not a substitute for a doctor’s prescription. If you have any questions during use, please consult your doctor before use.
Tramadol side effects
Side effects of Tramadol include:
- Dizziness, headache, drowsiness.
- Feelings of restlessness and anxiety.
- Abdominal pain, constipation.
More severe side effects that can occur with Tramadol use include:
- Allergic reactions with symptoms such as hives, difficulty breathing, swelling of the lips, tongue, and throat.
- Agitation, hallucinations, exaggerated reflexes, nausea, diarrhoea
- The breath is shallow and weak.
When the above symptoms appear, it is necessary to immediately notify the doctor and take the patient to a medical facility for proper and timely treatment.
Drug interactions when using Tramadol
Tramadol may alter the effects or increase the side effects of other medications if taken together. Therefore, in terms of safety, before using the drug, you should list all the medicines you are using, including herbs or functional foods, consulting with your doctor.
Do not use Tramadol with other drugs such as sedatives, sleeping pills, carbamazepine, digoxin, warfarin, quinidine, etc.
In addition to the above drugs, Tramadol can also interact with alcohol. Therefore, it is necessary to be cautious and consult a doctor before use.
Tramadol can also cause health effects. Therefore, tell your doctor right away if you have any of the following health problems:
- People with depression, abuse of beer or drugs.
- People with head trauma increased intracranial pressure.
- Nerve infection, endocrine disease.
- People with mental illness, depression, epilepsy.
- People with stomach diseases.
- People with pneumonia, liver disease, kidney disease
Warnings when using Tramadol
To ensure safety and high effectiveness when using the drug, you should note the following issues:
- Tell your doctor if you are allergic to any ingredients or have a history of allergic reactions to other medications, including herbal or dietary supplements.
- Use caution in pregnant and lactating women. You need to consult a doctor before use to weigh the benefits before use.
- Use caution in the elderly and children.
- Use caution in patients with a history of neurological disease, liver disease, kidney disease, stomach pain, pneumonia, etc.
Store Tramadol properly
Store the medicine in a cool, dry place, away from direct light and moisture at room temperature. Please do not leave the mixture in the bathroom or the refrigerator’s freezer compartment because it will change the composition and effect of the treatment.
Keep the medicine out of reach of children and pets.
In case the medicine has expired, do not throw the medicine indiscriminately. Especially do not put it in the water pipe or toilet. Need to dispose of drugs in the right place or learn how to dispose of medicines as prescribed.
Before use, it is necessary to carefully read the storage instructions for the medicine to store it properly.
We have just provided you with information on using, dosage and possible side effects when using Tramadol. I hope this information can help some readers. In case there are still questions or problems that are not clear. Please seek professional advice from your doctor.