Tylenol is a commonly used antipyretic pain reliever. Medicines have many types and are formulated suitable for many subjects. The following article we will share about Tylenol will help you better understand the product!
What is Tylenol?
Tylenol is a pain reliever and fever reducer whose main ingredient is Paracetamol (Acetaminophen). Some preparations may add certain levels of caffeine or chloramphenicol.
Medicines are prepared in many forms to suit each user. Tylenol is available as a suspension, tablets, extended-release tablets, and quick-dissolving tablets. In particular, Tylenol also has a type specifically for children called Children’s Tylenol.
What disease does Tylenol treat?
Tylenol belongs to a group of drugs with analgesic and antipyretic effects. The drug is used to relieve pain – reduce fever for mild to moderate pain. These are conditions associated with headaches, muscle pain, menstrual pain, toothache, back pain, arthritis, and neuralgia.
The drug also reduces fever in the common cold, viral or bacterial infections, or post-injection reactions.
Dosage of Tylenol
Dosage depends on the patient’s age, dosage form, and paracetamol content:
- Adults: Take 325 – 650 mg of paracetamol every 4-6 hours for each fever and pain. Or 1g paracetamol every 6 hours. Up to 4 g/day.
- Children under 12 years old: Take 10-15 mg/kg/time every 4-6 hours but not more than 75 mg/kg/day. At the same time, make sure not to exceed four g/day.
Quick-dissolving form in the mouth
- Children >12 years and adolescents: A routine dose of 650 mg paracetamol every 4-6 hours, not to exceed 3250 mg/day or as prescribed by a physician; High dose 1g every 6 hours, up to a maximum of 3g/day unless otherwise directed by your doctor.
- Children 6-11 years old: 325 mg every 4-6 hours; maximum 1625 mg/day, do not use for more than five days unless directed by your doctor.
Children >12 years old and adolescents: 1300mg every 8 hours, maximum 3900mg/day.
How to take Tylenol
For extended-release Tylenol tablets: swallow the tablets whole, do not split, chew, crush, or dissolve them.
Oral disintegrating tablet form: place in the mouth to dissolve or chew it before swallowing.
Suspension: Shake the rest well before taking it to mix it well. Use the measuring cup provided by the manufacturer to measure each dose or suspension. Do not share this measuring cup with other medicines.
Treatment of Tylenol overdose
Taking more than the recommended dose can cause liver damage and symptoms such as:
- Nausea, vomiting.
- Not suitable to eat.
- Unusual bleeding or bruising.
- Pain in the upper right part of the stomach.
- Yellow skin or eyes.
- Flu-like symptoms.
In an overdose, even if the person does not have any symptoms seek medical help immediately.
What to do when you miss a dose of Tylenol
If your doctor has told you to take acetaminophen regularly, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your usual dosing schedule. Do not take a double amount to make up for the missed dose.
Side effects of medications
The most common side effect of Tylenol is hepatotoxicity. In addition, there may be some side effects such as:
- Rash, redness, itchiness.
- Peeling or blistering.
- Swelling of the face, throat, tongue, lips, eyes, hands, feet, ankles, or legs.
- Difficulty breathing or swallowing.
Things to keep in mind when using the drug
Carefully read the instructions for the use of the drug before use. If the subject is a child, make sure the product is age-appropriate. Do not arbitrarily give children Tylenol products manufactured for adults. If you are not sure about the dose for your child, consult your doctor and pharmacist.
Both adults and children over 12 years old are not allowed to use drugs with paracetamol content more than 4g/day; Do not use more than one product containing paracetamol at the same time. Children under 12 years of age should not take more than the maximum allowed dose.
Stop the medicine immediately and call the doctor if the patient experiences worse symptoms. Includes redness, swelling, persistent pain for more than ten days, or fever lasting more than three days. The drug should be discontinued in children if pain persists for more than five days or fever persists for more than three days. Do not give Tylenol to a child who has a sore throat that is severe or does not go away or is accompanied by a fever, headache, rash, nausea, or vomiting.
Inform the doctor or pharmacist in advance if the patient is allergic to any of the ingredients. Also, consult your doctor if you are an alcoholic, have liver disease, are pregnant, or plan to become pregnant or breastfeeding.
You will also need to indicate any prescription and over-the-counter medications, vitamins, nutritional supplements, or herbal products you are taking or plan to take.
Some drugs can cause interactions if taken with Tylenol, such as:
- Analgesics: increased side effects. Learn more about the proper use of pain relievers
- Oral anticoagulants: prolong blood clotting time.
- Anticonvulsants: increased risk of hepatotoxicity. You can refer to more information about the anticonvulsant drug Clonazepam.
- Diflunisal: increases the concentration of paracetamol in the blood.
- Isoniazid: increased risk of hepatotoxicity from paracetamol overdose.
Also, children under two years of age do not take Tylenol with decongestants, antihistamines, cough suppressants, and expectorants. For children aged 2 to 11 years, shared cough and cold medicines should be used with care and only as directed.
How to store the medicine?
- Store the medicine in a cool, dry place below 30°C.
- Keep the medicine in the container, tightly covered and out of the reach of children.
Above is information about the uses, usage, and notes of Tylenol. Hopefully, the above article will help you feel secure to use drugs safely, rationally, and effectively.